Welfare consequences of coal exit for coal workers
When industries decline, workers often lose their jobs. Demands for compensation often arise when political decisions, e.g. international trade deals or environmental regulations, are at the origin of the decline. This requires a calculation of the welfare costs related to job loss.
Using a simple model of probabilistic transitions, we account for the fact that the value of jobs depends on individuals’ age, experience, occupation. Based on exhaustive administrative micro-data on employment biographies, we determine probabilities for individuals of diﬀerent characteristic of becoming or leaving unemployment, moving between jobs and retiring. We also make transitions dependent on the business cycle.
We apply the model to assess the welfare costs of job loss in the German coal industry. We contrast predicted income streams for diﬀerent workers under the alternative scenarios of a rapid coal exit versus business as usual. The results also enable policy-makers to assess the costs and beneﬁts of policy instruments aimed at compensating workers, such as early retirement policies, cash transfers or job guarantees.
Dr. Luke Haywood is a researcher in the working group Sustainable Resource Management and Global Change at the Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change (MCC). His main research interests are empirical analyses of the labour market, public economics and transport.
Luke is currently lead researcher of the project Economic Consequences of Coal Exit analyzing the welfare effects for workers of transiting to a post-fossil economy. Before joining MCC, Luke was postdoc in the public economics department at DIW Berlin for five years and labour economist at the OECD for one year. He received his PhD at the Paris School of Economics after studying economics at Oxford (BA, M.Phil).